What You Need to Know Before Visiting Kyrgyzstan

January 9, 2017

Horses are everywhere in Kyrgyzstan, which is pretty much my fantasy come to life.

Kyrgyzstan (and Central Asia in general) is one of those regions of the world that I always thought I’d like to travel to, but never actually expected to visit.

So, when I was offered the chance to attend the 2nd ever World Nomad Games in Cholpon-Ata, I was on it.

It was a great trip, but there were plenty of surprises to be had along the way, that was for sure. Here are some things I wish I’d known or done before visiting Kyrgyzstan.

Heading to Kyrgyzstan? Excellent. Here's everything you need to know before visiting.… Click To Tweet

I wish I’d learned some basic Russian

Those who speak English are far and few between in this part of the world. Kyrgyzstan’s two official languages are Kyrgyz and Russian. If you don’t speak a word of either, you may find yourself in trouble.

I was lucky, as I was travelling with a handful of people who could either speak both Russian and English fluently, or at least had conversational knowledge. I think without that, I would have been up the creek with no paddle.

You’d do well to learn at least a little bit of basic Russian before you go and even better to memorise some Cyrillic script. An app like Duolingo would help for those going for short trips. If I were to do some serious travel through the region of Central Asia, I would definitely take a few classes in Russian. It wouldn’t hurt to have some basic conversational skills.

Grabbing some Ashlyan-Fu, which cost around 13 cents AUD at a local market. Bargain.

The food would be delicious

I honestly thought that the food in Kyrgyzstan would be nothing all that special. How wrong I was!

As a big fan of fried noodles, dumplings and BBQ’d meat, I was pretty much in seventh heaven, where meals in this country were concerned. Everything was also so delightfully inexpensive. You could feast like a king or queen for a few dollars at the most.

Tea was on hand for every meal that we had and drunk pretty much by the litre. I also quite enjoyed Kumys. Made of fermented mare’s milk, it was particularly refreshing after a long day of horse riding.

The water was basically undrinkable

On the flip side, the water was pretty much undrinkable outside of the capital of Bishkek. I’d packed in a hurry and forgotten my filtered water bottle in a really smart move. I tried boiling water, but got a bit of a funny tummy. I eventually gave up and grudgingly reverted to bottled water for the last few days of my trip.

My favourite toilet, with quite an enviable view.

I’d have to get used to peeing in squat toilets and actually enjoy it

Kyrgyzstan is a bit of an odd place, because some influences are very much Russian (so many statues of Lenin, so little time) and other distinctly Asian… like the toilets.

It’s been a long time since I’ve peed in a squat toilet (here’s looking at you Japan). I’d forgotten how much I preferred it to the Western method. So comfortable and good for the thighs!

Some of the toilets didn’t have doors… or ceilings. It’s all right though – just sing loudly, so people know you’re there and all will be well.

The weather goes from one extreme to the next

Travelling in early autumn meant the weather was all over the place. It would shine, then rain without warning. The days were warm and the nights were freezing. It was hard to judge what to wear, at any given time.

I’d definitely pack some wet weather gear and bring a sturdy winter coat, particularly if you plan to go horse riding or trekking into the mountains.

I didn’t know the sunsets would be as good as they were, either.

It’s an excellent destination for budget travellers

Food, activities and souvenirs were all pretty decently priced in Kyrgyzstan.

As a budget traveller, you could spend a pretty long stretch of time there and not exactly burn through your money. I had plenty left over in the end and I can’t say I really budgeted all that much.

The good news is that visitors from the USA, UK, Australia, Canada and NZ are granted a 60-day visa upon entry to the country, making it the perfect home base for exploring other countries around the area, which are notoriously difficult to get into.

I reckon that as travel in Central Asia becomes easier over time, this region of the world will explode as a destination for budget travellers.

I’d need to have cash on hand, at all times

Kyrgyzstan’s local currency is the Som. $1 USD is around 70 Som and things are relatively inexpensive.

It’s virtually impossible to buy anything on card in the country, so make sure you have cash on your person. There are ATMs in the city, but once you start going remote, it’s obviously harder to access money.

Break down larger notes as soon as you can, to avoid any issues with them. Don’t worry too much if you have leftover currency – you can exchange it for a fairly decent rate at Bishkek’s airport.

Sleeping in here felt like sleeping in a five star hotel.

That I’d enjoy sleeping in yurts so much

I like camping, but I also enjoy showering. I wasn’t sure of how I’d go, roughing it for two days in yurts in the regions of Kochkor and Son Kol.

Turns out yurts are way comfier than I would ever have initial anticipated. The beds consist of several mattresses, pillows and blankets, piled high, making them quite cosy and snug. Some of the more permanent yurts also have stove heaters.

My sleep was deep and easy and I didn’t want to crawl out from under the covers, when roused in the morning!

Kyrgyzstan was not what I expected, in the best ways possible. I would recommend it to all budget and adventure travellers and hope to return one day.

Like the post? Watch the video!


Our trip was organised in cooperation with Discover Kyrgyzstan and made possible by USAID. All opinions are my own.

Opps, I pinned it again.

Heading to Kyrgyzstan? Here are some things you should do before leaving - like learning some Russian and mentally preparing to pee in squat toilets.

Heading to Kyrgyzstan? Here are some things you should do before leaving - like learning some Russian and mentally preparing to pee in squat toilets.
Heading to Kyrgyzstan? Here are some things you should do before leaving - like learning some Russian and mentally preparing to pee in squat toilets.

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  • Reply Julie January 11, 2017 at 8:02 am

    Awesome! Would love to get up here and I guess I better start learning Russian!

    • Reply LC January 11, 2017 at 11:52 pm

      It would definitely make life easier to know even a handful of words.

  • Reply Chuck January 13, 2017 at 3:36 pm

    I have only been to that part of the world on business, I really want to go back as a tourist.

    • Reply LC January 14, 2017 at 2:44 am

      Oh wow, on business? That’s cool.

  • Reply Global Brunch January 14, 2017 at 1:35 pm

    This sounds so cool! That would be a great chance for me to brush up on my Russian & find out how much I actually remember. I’m so intrigued by the food and sleeping in a yurt would be a dream come true! Definitely hope I make it to Kyrgystan one day.

    • Reply LC January 15, 2017 at 7:05 am

      I hope you do, too! The yurt was loads of fun. I reckon the Russian would come back to you soon – you’d definitely be in a position where you’d be forced to use it!

  • Reply Lana January 15, 2017 at 1:28 pm

    Great to see a post on my homeland although I left it in 1999! It’s always refreshing to see it through someone else’s eyes. Great photos and mmmm, miss ashlyam-fu!

    • Reply LC January 16, 2017 at 12:47 am

      Thanks Lana! It’s a cool country. Have you been back often? I wonder how much it’s changed in the last 20-odd years. And yeah, I was sad to leave the food behind!

  • Reply Kallsy January 15, 2017 at 7:59 pm

    This post was extremely eye-opening – especially about language. I wouldn’t have guessed that Russian would have been a primary language here, although I also haven’t heard much about Kyrgyzstan until recently. I love your comments about the squatting toilets. It took me a little while to get used to those while in Japan but they’re seriously awesome haha! 🙂

    • Reply LC January 16, 2017 at 12:47 am

      Glad you liked it. Haha in Japan I was almost like “I’m not sure what I prefer – squat toilets, or toilets that warm my bottom and sing to me, whilst I do my business.”

  • Reply Hang Around The World January 15, 2017 at 8:25 pm

    Thanks for this great overview of Kyrgyzsstan, really liked the layout of this post. We are going to plan a trip there (first time for us) and your photos have convinced us to organize it soon 🙂
    Can’t wait to exploring it!

    • Reply LC January 16, 2017 at 12:48 am

      It’s very photogenic. Good luck with your planning!

  • Reply Sanne - Spend Life Traveling January 16, 2017 at 10:04 am

    This must have been such a great experience! Such a unique place to travel to. But a shame it’s difficult to get around with just speaking English.

  • Reply Danijela WorldGlimpses January 16, 2017 at 3:06 pm

    Oh yes, I agree that language can be a barrier when travelling of those “beaten tracks” in the world. But that’s what makes it so interesting, right? You learn and experience new things, respect the culture you’re in, try to adjust… And what a thrill when you manage to overcome all that! Glad you had that experience and thanks for sharing it! 🙂

    • Reply LC January 18, 2017 at 10:44 am

      Haha yeah, there’s always that beautiful sense of achievement when something actually works in your favour!

  • Reply scott balaam January 17, 2017 at 1:01 pm

    The Yurt looks fab! What made you want to visit Kyrgyzstan? I must admit it wouldn’t get near my list of laces to visit. That said having read this it appeals more now – I will have to add it to the list!

    • Reply LC January 18, 2017 at 10:42 am

      I had an opportunity for work there, took it and didn’t regret the decision for a single second!

  • Reply Fiona Mai January 17, 2017 at 4:22 pm

    This blog post comes just in the right time, as I’m planning to make a trip to Kyrgyzstan this summer! Yes I’ve also heard that it will be wayyy easier for a solo traveller to visit this country with even the very basic of Russian knowledge. Maybe I should start planning my Russian lessons now! Do you think it’s okay to just go there and start exploring or is it better to book tours beforehand?

    • Reply LC January 18, 2017 at 10:40 am

      I think you’d be okay with getting there and exploring. I met a few other travellers who were doing quite the same.

  • Reply Davide January 17, 2017 at 5:06 pm

    Well, this post is pretty interesting because Kyrgyzstan is not a common place to visit as backpacker! I didn’t know about its origin and the mixed of 2 languages; interesting read and great experience for yourself!! Not in my bucket list for this year, I could insert it for 2018! thanks for sharing it

    • Reply LC January 18, 2017 at 10:39 am

      It isn’t, but I think it might take off in the near future!

  • Reply Amber January 17, 2017 at 8:48 pm

    Love the layout of this post and some great tips and eye opening experiences! Fried noodles and BBQ meat is always a winner!

    • Reply LC January 18, 2017 at 10:38 am

      Oh my goodness, 100% agreement.

  • Reply loudy January 18, 2017 at 2:19 pm

    great post. I like the part of food haha! I’m a big fan of noodles as well. so many details in this post I like it. thank you a lot for sharing it with us it can be helpful for me to prepare my trip here.

    • Reply LC January 22, 2017 at 12:35 pm

      Hope you make it and have a great time!

  • Reply Chiera January 22, 2017 at 1:32 am

    This sounds awesome! I have such a strange fascinstion with Asian countries with Russian influences. I once tried to learn Russian but only got as far as the alphabet and basic introductions. Must remember to pick it up again!

    • Reply LC January 22, 2017 at 12:36 pm

      Maybe going there would jog your memory?

  • Reply Gate to Experience January 22, 2017 at 11:10 am

    last summer I travelled to Russia and Mongolia and I can completely relate to all of your advice! Mongolia and Kyrgyzstan seems to be more similar than I thought!

    • Reply LC January 22, 2017 at 12:37 pm

      I’ve heard such good things about Mongolia and agree – they seem super similar. Would love to go there and stay in a “ger”!

  • Reply Matt January 23, 2017 at 11:04 am

    I’ve seen a few articles about Kyrgyzstan recently and here is another one that just makes me want to go. Great information about the language barrier and use of money, I will definitely be reading again before planning my trip. Happy Travels!

    • Reply LC January 24, 2017 at 12:53 pm

      Thanks Matt! Glad it helped.

  • Reply mypassengerdiaries January 25, 2017 at 10:45 pm

    Wow, this sounds amazing. I’ve always wanted to go to Central Asia as well, but never got the chance to. Thanks for sharing your experiences in Kyrgyzstan!

    • Reply LC February 4, 2017 at 3:29 am

      Thank you for reading!

  • Reply Josie March 2, 2017 at 7:24 am

    Oh, Kyrgyzstan! This is on my list of places I want to visit this year – and your photos and info above only make me want to go more! It’s so good to see articles on less travelled destinations! Thank you!

    • Reply LC March 2, 2017 at 10:45 am

      Thanks Josie! I really loved it and recommend it. Hoping to go back and see more of Central Asia (and make a return trip!) over the next couple of years.

  • Reply Lena April 3, 2017 at 3:46 pm

    That sounds amazing… how exactly did you manage to find someone that has a yurt where you could stay?

    • Reply LC April 4, 2017 at 3:05 am

      Lena I have to thank you, as you’ve reminded me that I needed to add that information to my Kyrgyzstan posts (well, duh LC)! Your best bet would be to contact the local Community Based Tourism office – here’s the website link.

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